Safeguard peace is eternal pursuit of mankind
War gave mankind a lot of misfortune and disaster. All peoples yearn for lasting world peace, the desire for a stable and peaceful life, eager to promote common development and common prosperity, and create a better future of mankind. Let us into the history and feel the voice of desire for peace.
The peace process
1. The establishment of the United Nations
October 24, 1945, the United Nations was formally established. 10 January to 14 February 1946, the first session of the UN General Assembly held the first session in London. Representatives of 51 founding Member States participated in the meeting, the United Nations system of organizations started functioning. In 1947, the General Assembly decided, on October 24 as United Nations Day. The maintenance of international peace and security is one of the important purposes of the United Nations.
2. First World to defend the peace conference
After World War II, the rise of the Cold War, the threat of peaceful life of the people. Some international organizations and famous people in the world to defend the peace conference convened initiated against aggression and war policy, we demand the unconditional prohibition of nuclear weapons and weapons of mass destruction. First World to defend the peace conference in 1949 April 20 to 25 held simultaneously in Paris and Prague. Attending the Congress have come from 72 countries, more than 2000 delegates. The General Assembly held a "peaceful international struggle to defend the Day" initiative, adopted the "Declaration of the World to defend the peace conference," "Tell the people of the world" and other more than 10 documents, and elected Standing Committee. Greatly promoted the development of the World Peace Movement.
3. The Standing Committee of the World to defend the peace conference issued a "Stockholm Declaration"
In March 1950 the Standing Committee of the World to defend the peace conference issued the "Stockholm Declaration" and demanded the unconditional prohibition of atomic weapons and conducted a signature campaign. Signed six months up to 5 00 million people, Chinese people signed up to 220 million people.
4. Second World Assembly safeguard peace
November 1950 held the second session of the World to defend the peace conference in Warsaw, representatives of 81 countries participated. The General Assembly adopted a declaration calling for peace among peoples do not wait, we must go for peace, hoping to become the United Nations to defend the peace and security of the institution. The General Assembly decided to establish the World Peace Council, the Council is to put forward the principle of "different systems of the world can live in peace; the settlement of disputes between countries through negotiation and should be acceptable to all of the protocol to achieve; follow the right of peoples to self-determination of a nation the internal differences involves only citizens of this country. "adopted the" Declaration on the people tell the world "and " To the United Nations" two documents.
5. Two Peace Declaration of the international scientific community
In 1955, the international scientific community to the world issued a peace declaration, two well-known anti-nuclear weapons: "Mainao Declaration" and "Russell - Einstein Declaration," calling on the world "abandoned last resort to force as foreign policy" States "to find a peaceful solution to all disputes between them."
6. "Peace Declaration" of the Moscow meeting
November 6, 1957, the Moscow meeting of 64 countries participated in the Communist and Workers' Parties, on 19 November adopted the "Peace Declaration."
7. US anti-war movement
1960s and 1970s, the United States rising anti-war movement. Widespread student revolt and the people, the US government had to adjust the policy of war, the final withdrawal from Vietnam.
8. South-South Cooperation
South-South cooperation refers to the majority of developing countries located in the southern hemisphere, set up and developed in the struggle for the establishment of a new international economic order, and new forms of economic cooperation on the basis of equality and mutual benefit. Including bilateral, regional and global cooperation 3 levels. The essence of South-South cooperation, North-South economic relations in the face of inequality, the implementation of joint self-reliance, and common development.
9. North-South dialogue
Before World War II, the colonial countries of the South are mostly countries of the North, a semi-colonial, long-term poverty and backwardness. After the war, the majority of countries of the South has made political independence, but the economic situation has not been fundamentally changed in the international economic system is still in an unequal position. They demanded the development of an independent national economy and consolidate the political independence has been achieved, and achieved equal status in the international economic system, the establishment of a new international economic order. 1955 Bandung Conference adopted a resolution clearly stated the size of the national equality, the implementation of economic cooperation in the mutual respect for national sovereignty and mutually beneficial basis. Since the mid-1960s, the North-South relations, economic cooperation has become the main content of the North-South dialogue.
10. International Day of Peace
In 1981, the UN General Assembly proclaimed the opening day of the regular session of the General Assembly in September, "officially designated as the International Day of Peace, for all countries and peoples in their own internal and between each other, to commemorate and strengthen the ideals of peace," (Resolution No. 36/67) International Day of Peace is scheduled for the third Tuesday of September each year held. Invites all Member States, non-governmental organizations and the public in a variety of ways to celebrate the holiday, in order to show commitment to the maintenance of peace for all peoples and nations of the United Nations.
11. International Year of Peace
November 16, 1982, the 37th United Nations General Assembly according to Costa Rica's initiative, adopted a resolution in 1986 and will determine the "International Year of Peace." International Year of Peace theme is "defending peace and security of the future of mankind." October 24, 1985, at the UN's 40th anniversary ceremonies, the Member States unanimously adopted the "Declaration of the International Year of Peace", it requires all peoples and the United Nations to work together to safeguard peace and security of mankind in the future.
12. Observance of the International Day of Peace
2001 United Nations General Assembly "to commemorate the International Day of Peace" for the annual September 21 (since 2002), the General Assembly proclaimed that this day should be commemorated as a day of global ceasefire and non-violence, to all nations and people to this day cessation of hostilities action.
The atomic bomb and bacteria, whether evil communist or by the evil capitalist who exploited by both Washington and the Kremlin will tremble, and mankind will step by step toward the abyss of destruction.
- Russell 1950 Nobel Prize acceptance speech at the award ceremony
I appeal as human beings to human beings: Remember that you are a man, forget about it except that regard! If so, it means open the path to heaven. If not, then in front of you, in addition to plenary death no other way.
- December 23, 1954 Christmas Eve Russell "crisis of humanity" speech
"Peace on Earth is the cause of all the greatest cause."
- Albert Einstein
I took an olive branch and a freedom fighter's gun here, please do not let the olive branch fall from my hand.
"24 hours, although the time is not long, but enough to make world leaders hear people yearning for peace and the sound of food and clothing, which for 24 hours to rescue workers a safe gap to provide the necessary services that can give mediators a chance to achieve broader truce, but also allows those who involved in the conflict to reflect on the wisdom of violence. "
- UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan called in 2002 to commemorate the International Day of Peace Meeting