Enforce measures to stop the conflict
For some armed conflict or small-scale war, if not effectively stop it, it will lead to greater conflict and even lead to the danger of war, in order to take effective measures to stop the conflict relative, it is necessary in accordance with the provisions of Chapter VII of the United Nations, "UN Charter" the Council can take enforcement measures to maintain or restore international peace and security. The Security Council can take a variety of measures of economic sanctions and other international military action.
Once peace is threatened and all diplomatic efforts have failed, the Security Council will resort to means of mandatory sanctions. The Security Council sanctions as a means to enforce its decisions. Over the years, the Security Council imposed sanctions against the following countries: Iraq, the former Yugoslavia, Libya, Haiti, Liberia, Rwanda, Somalia, the National Union for Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) forces from Angola, Sudan, Sierra Leone, Yugoslavia Republic (including Kosovo), Afghanistan, Ethiopia and Eritrea. The Security Council sanction those countries include comprehensive economic and trade sanctions or more specific sanctions such as arms embargoes, travel bans, financial or diplomatic restrictions.
The purpose of sanctions is to be taken without the use of force against a State or entity pressuring the State or entity to comply with the Security Council established goals. Therefore, sanctions are an important means to enforce its decisions of the Council. It represents the universality of the United Nations, especially for the imposition of sanctions and sanctions supervision.
At the same time, many countries and humanitarian organizations have expressed worry that the sanctions possible for the majority of civilians adversely affect vulnerable groups such as the elderly, the disabled, refugees or nursing women. In addition, they may also sanction a third country or neighboring countries to the national economy has brought economic, social and even political influence negatively expressed worry because the sanctions will lead to those countries and the interrupts are sanctioned country trade and economic relations.
At present, the international community is increasingly considered the design and application of sanctions needs to be improved. If the terms of the humanitarian exceptions directly into Security Council resolutions or to make sanctions more focused, then can reduce the negative impact of sanctions. The so-called "smart sanctions" refers to pressure those in power rather than for most people thereby reducing the cost of humanitarian sanction. "Smart sanctions" are gaining more and more support. For example, such a sanction can be frozen in power figure or entity's financial assets and banned financial transactions, because it is these people in power or illegal activity entities led to the imposition of sanctions by the Security Council.
Authorize military action
As mediation efforts failed, the The Security Council may authorize Member States under the provisions of Chapter VII of the "UN Charter" to take more forceful action. The The Security Council authorized the coalition of member states to take "all necessary means" to resolve the conflict, including military action. For example, the Security Council has been Iraq following the invasion of Kuwait to help restore the sovereignty of Kuwait (1991); in Somalia has created a safe environment (1992) for humanitarian relief operations; in Rwanda promoted to the protection of civilians at risk (1994 ); and help restore the democratically elected government of Haiti (1994); the protection of humanitarian operations in Albania (1997); helping East Timor to restore the (1999) peace and security.
These actions were approved despite by the Security Council, but it is fully controlled by the relevant participating countries. Therefore, they are not United Nations peacekeeping operations. Only action by the Security Council to establish those supervised by the Secretary-General of the United Nations peacekeeping operations is.