Peace usually refers to the absence of war or violence no other hostile state, but also used to describe the person's not excited or quiet. Peace generally interpreted as no hostility and retaliation, sincerely wants reconciliation, we have healthy relationships or international relations and so on.
Generally, the relationship between peacekeeping nation state is hoping most people or organizations, in particular the United Nations similar to such international organizations. Peace can be spontaneous, political agitators to avoid too excited; Peace can also be mandatory, for example, suppress the coercion of those who cause riots behavior.
English word peace peace origins in the Anglo-French and Old French pes of pais, meaning "peace, reconciliation, quiet and protocol." But Pes comes from the Latin pax, meaning "peace, agreement, peace peace, tranquility agreements, tranquility, no hostility, harmony." English translation from 1300 onwards Ping Hebrew, become the language of everyday greeting, according to Jewish theology, the word is derived from a verb meaning of reconciliation. Although its general translation is peaceful, but this is not a complete turn release, the words and the Arabic salaam a Yang, in addition to peace, there are other implications, including justice, health, peace, prosperity, equality, security, and good luck friendship. On a personal level, conduct peace is kind, considerate, fair and so on.
In many languages, the word is often used as greeting peace terms. Such as Hawaii Aloha. English is used occasionally in peace greeting, like hope enjoy a lasting peace will be with the dead "rest in peace" (rest in peace, rest in peace).
Religion and Peace
Religion often try to identify and solve the fundamental problems of human life, including the conflict between man and society.
In the Old Testament Isaiah section 6 of chapter 9 was mentioned: "For a child born to us ...... His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.." GeneralI thought it was prophesied that Jesus, Christians call Jesus as the Messiah and Christ, and believe that Jesus will come again to establish the kingdom of God, where there is peace, and human, social and all living creatures are not evil.
Buddhists believe that as long as all the bitter end, there will be peace, one of the major worries from greed, hatred and delusion three poisons. Buddhists in order to eliminate suffering, achieve personal peace, the need to comply with the Four Noble Truths, which is the central idea of Buddhist philosophy.
Currently exists in countries still maintain the longest peacetime in Sweden, since 1814 the Napoleonic Wars, most of the land ceded to Russia, and later still is a peaceful state, more than 200 years. Sweden's part of a peace can be explained by its geographical location, and also usually do not participate in military alliances, and therefore the formation of Swedish neutrality during the war, but it also, and like the Pax Britannica (1815-1914), Europa peace, the United Statecraft (1950 rear) related.
Other long-term peace period
Japan 1603-1868 isolationist Edo (Edo), a total of 250 years
700 years to 950 years of Can Sa Peace of Khanate Can Sa, a total of 250 years
Mazhi Shi Luo Roman Empire, continued 190-206 years
International peace organization
UNITED NATIONS (often expressed in abbreviation UN) is an international organization composed of sovereign States, we are committed to promoting cooperation among countries in the international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights and achieving world peace. The United Nations was founded in 1945 after the end of World War II to replace the League of Nations, to stop the war and to provide countries with a platform for dialogue. It consists of a number of subsidiary bodies of the United Nations in order to achieve its objectives.
So far, a total of 193 UN member countries, including all internationally recognized sovereign state other than the Vatican City State. At the United Nations offices throughout the world, the United Nations and its specialized agencies through regular meetings throughout the year to determine the physical and administrative issues. United by the six major institutions: the General Assembly (the main deliberative body), the Council (to decide on peace and security in some of the resolutions), Economic and Social Council (to assist in the promotion of international cooperation and development of economic and social), Secretariat (for the United Nations to provide the necessary research, information and facilities), the International Court of Justice (the primary judicial body) and the United Nations Trusteeship Council (currently inactive). United Nations agencies as well as other important World Health Organization (WHO), the World Food Programme (WFP) and the United Nations Childrens Fund (UNICEF). The executive heads of the United Nations, Secretary-General of the United Nations, currently used by South Korea's Ban Ki-moon. United Nations assessed funds and voluntary contributions by the Member States. The United Nations has six official languages, namely: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish.
League of Nations
League of Nations before the United Nations, major international organizations, was after World War I, Woodrow Wilson, and many idealists advocate, the establishment of the Paris Peace Conference. The Treaty of Versailles included the establishment of the League of Nations after World War II, replaced by the United Nations. States in the 1920s high hopes for the international coalition, but then could not handle Germany, Italy and Japan challenge.
League of Nations was established after World War I, but at that time there have been many efforts to study international relations and institutions, such as position in the New York Council on Foreign Relations and place in London Chatham House (the Royal Institute of International Affairs), at the same time the study of international relations began academic.
Nobel Peace Prize
Creating the International Red Cross Henry Dunant was awarded the first-ever Nobel peace prize.
Nobel peace prize (Norwegian: Nobels fredspris), is one of five Nobel Prize by the Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel in 1895, year of creation, elected by the Norwegian Nobel Committee winner, December 10,ever year (the anniversary of Nobel's death) issued. Unlike the other four prizes awarded in Stockholm, Sweden, the Nobel Peace Prize award ceremony is held in the Norwegian capital Oslo, the Norwegian Nobel Committee awards by the Chairman, the King of Norway celebrant. The Norwegian Nobel Committee is composed of five jury composed of members appointed by the Norwegian Parliament.
According to Nobel's will, Nobel peace prize winner selected aim is to reward "for the country to promote national unity and friendship, cancellation or reduction of armaments as well as the organization and promotion of peace congresses the utmost efforts or make the greatest contribution of the people." However, the award may be granted to institutions and organizations meet the winning conditions. Basically, the Nobel peace prize is a year global situation, especially a reflection of the crisis situation. The first Nobel Peace Prize in 1901, held, the winner is Jean Henry Dunant and Frédéric Passy.
Peace Prize winner can get a medal, a certificate and a prize. In 1901, Jean Henry Dunant and Frédéric Passy jointly received a bonus of SEK 150,782 until 2008 awarded to Finn Martti Ahtisaari, the prize was adjusted to 10 million Swedish kronor (slightly more than one million euros, or US$ 1.4 million).
Peace movement is a social movement, which aims to end a particular war (or all wars), or reduce the violence in a region (or all cases) between people, usually their aim will be and world peace related. The contents of the peace movement generally include pacifism, non-violent resistance, diplomacy, boycotts, consumer conscience, support the anti-war candidate, demonstrations and lobbies legislation.